Bojan Stojanović, Belgrade Center for Human Rights legal advisor, published with Bogdan Krasić, Center for Migration and Displacement in the Balkans Save the Children program director, a review scientific article in the prestigious scientific journal Pravni zapisi entitled „Global Compact on Migration: Legal Nature and potential impact on the development of international migration law”. LINK: https://scindeks.ceon.rs/article.aspx?artid=2217-28152002645K
Bearing in mind that international migration, forced and voluntary, is a expressive phenomenon in modern society that captures the attention of the public in the countries of origin, transit and destination of the topics covered in the paper is extremely important. The paper analyzes the pioneering endeavor that took place with the adoption of the Global Compact on safe, orderly and regular migration.
Thus, the authors dealt with the causes and terms of the creation of this important international legal document. Although a declaratively non-binding document, the adoption of the Global Compact has been accompanied by numerous criticisms precisely in terms of its eventual obligation, actual or presumed. On the other hand, the protagonists see it as a starting point for creating adequate migration policies that would be in line with international human rights law, sustainable development, labor market needs and other policies. At the same time, the process of adopting the Global Compact for Refugees under the auspices of UNHCR.
These two documents together represent the realization of the initiative for their adoption, which was envisaged by the 2016 New York Declaration for Refugees and Migrants.
The article analyzes in detail the legal nature of the Global Compact from the aspect of the so-called „soft law“ as a source of international law and the initial steps in its application to determine the adherence of states to its provisions and potential impact on the development of international migration law. Also, the circumstances in which the text of the Global Compact was prepared and adopted were presented, as well as the attitudes of individual countries on that issue.
The authors presented the Global Compact to the professional and wider public, whose text was previously translated into Serbian, published by the Belgrade Center for Human Rights – Bogdan Krasić (ed.), Global Compact on safe, orderly and regular migration, Belgrade 2019.